Hummingbird family (Trochilidae)
Adult weighs the same as 2 ½ paper clips! Upper parts iridescent green. Male has an iridescent red throat. Female has a whitish throat. Long bill looks like a toothpick.
Nest is about the size of a half dollar coin, covered with lichens. Clutch size – 2 eggs. Eggs are white, tiny, look like tiny mint candies. Only the female builds the nest and raises the young.
Rapid squeaky chipping.
The genus name Archilochus is from the Greek for "chief of a body of people." The species name colubris is from the Latin for “serpent,” but the species name was probably a misspelling by Linnaeus and should have been colibre, from the French for “hummingbird.”
In the Nature Park:
Neotropical migrant; flies across the Gulf of Mexico nonstop during migration. Arrives in mid to late April.