Family – Campanulaceae, bellflower family
Genus, species – Lobelia cardinalis
Leaves are oval or lance-shaped, 1 to 8 inches long, larger at the base of the plant, smaller at the top of the plant. Leaf edges are scalloped or have sharp teeth.
Flowers are bright red, 1 to 2 inches long, with five lobes. Three lower lobes are spread and bent downwards. Two upper lobes are erect, thinner and more lance-shaped. Five stamens are united in a tube around the style.
Fruit is a many-seeded capsule.
The genus name Lobelia is named after Matthias de l’Obel (1538-1616), a Flemish botanist; also written as Matthias von Lobel. The species name cardinalis is from the Latin for “of a cardinal,” referring to the bright red color of the flowers.