Show More


Scott Wilkerson - Fault-Related Fold Research

Research Description:

My research focuses on understanding the 2-D & 3-D geometric and kinematic development of fault-related folds.  More specifically, I am interested in understanding how faults and their associated folds grow, evolve, and interact, particularly in areas where these structures terminate and/or overlap.  My research students and I employ a variety of methods to address these types of problems, including:  field mapping, 2-D & 3-D computer/analog modeling, cross-section balancing, and reflection seismic interpretation.  Students not only learn the science behind these approaches, but they also learn valuable technical skills with industry-standard software (e.g., LithoTect, Geosec, Gocad, VoxelGeo, ArcGIS, Google Earth, etc.) that will serve them well in the future.

I’m also interested in the visualization and interpretation of topographic landforms and structures and their representation on maps using red-blue stereo anaglyphs, Google Earth, and other tools that help students become more adept at working with maps.

Recent Student-Faculty Research Projects:

Construction of balanced cross sections through the Rosendale segment of the Hudson Valley fold-thrust belt (2010)

Student Collaborators: Melissa Penfold (GEO)

Publications
Crawford, Luke E, Burmeister, Kurtis C., Penfold, Melissa, Wilkerson, M. Scott, and Marshak, Stephen, 2010, Compiling a GIS-based geologic map from multiple legacy formatted data sources, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 42(5).

Geology & tectonics of fold-dominated orogenic belts, Monterrey Salient, Mexico (2002-2010)

Grant Proposals
Fischer, M. P., Evans, M., and Wilkerson, M. S.,  2010, Collaborative Research:  Regional-scale fluid migration in fold-dominated orogenic belts.  Grant proposal submitted to the National Science Foundation, Tectonics Division.  Amount requested: $245,879 (DePauw portion). Not funded. 

Wilkerson, M. S.,  and Fischer, M. P.,  2002, Three-dimensional geometric analysis of a natural detachment fold termination:  Nuncios fold complex, Sierra Madre Oriental, Mexico.  Grant proposal submitted to the National Science Foundation, Research at Undergraduate Institutions, Research Opportunity Award Program.  Amount requested: $15,668.  Funded.

Publications
Higuera-Diaz, I.C., Fischer, M.P., and Wilkerson, M.S., 2005, Geometry and kinematics of the Nuncios detachment fold complex:  Implications for lithotectonics in northeastern Mexico, Tectonics, 24, TC4010, 19 pages.

Higuera, I.C., Fischer, M.P., and Wilkerson, M.S., 2004, Three-dimensional geometry and kinematics of an evaporite-cored detachment fold complex:  An example from the Sierra Madre Oriental, NE Mexico, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Abstracts with Programs 88(13).

The DELUGE project:  a digital landform GIS using Google Earth (2007)

Student Collaborators: Bill Alward (GEO)

3-D computer modeling of detachment folds (2003-2005)

Student Collaborators: Dannena Bowman (GEO) & Sara Smaltz (GEO/SRF)

Publications
Wilkerson, M.S., Smaltz, S.M., Bowman, D.R., Higuera-Diaz, I.C., and Fischer, M., 2007, 2-D and 3-D modeling of detachment folds with hinterland inflation:  a natural example from the Monterrey Salient, northeastern Mexico, Journal of Structural Geology, 29(1), 73-85.

Wilkerson, M.S., Smaltz, S.M., Bowman, D.R., Higuera, I.C., and Fischer, M.P., 2005, Hinterland inflation in detachment folds:  a natural example from the Monterrey Salient, Mexico,  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Abstracts with Programs, 14, p. A152.

Smaltz, S.M., and Wilkerson, M.S., 2004, Pseudo-three-dimensional modeling of detachment folds, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 36(5).

Bowman, D.R., Smaltz, S.M., Wilkerson, M.S., Higuera, I.C., and Fischer, M.P., 2003, Two- and three-dimensional modeling of detachment-style folds, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 35(6), p. 143.

2-D computer modeling of detachment folds (2002)

Student Collaborators: Josh Wilson (SRF)

Publications
Wilkerson, M.S., Wilson, J.M., Poblet, J., and Fischer, M.P., 2004, DETACH: an Excel spreadsheet to simulate 2-D cross sections of detachment folds, Computers & Geosciences, 30(9-10), 1069-1077.

3-D modeling of fault-related fold terminations (1999-2000)

Student Collaborators: Chris Amidon (GEO/SRF), Tammer Farid (SRF), Scott Spears (PHY)

Grant Proposals
Wilkerson, M. S., 1998, Investigation of the lateral development and termination geometry of thrust-related folds.  Grant proposal submitted to the American Chemical Society-Petroleum Research Fund.  Amount requested: $20,000.  Funded. 

Wilkerson, M. S., and Fischer, M.P., 1998, 3-D geometries of basement-involved folds.  Grant proposal submitted to the American Chemical Society-Petroleum Research Fund.  Amount requested: $5,000.  Funded.

Publications
Apotria, T.G., and Wilkerson, M.S., 2002, Geometry and kinematics of a fault-related fold termination:  Rosario structure, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela, in  Wilkerson, M.S., Fischer, M.P., and Apotria, T.G. (ed.), Fault-related folds:  Transition from two dimensions to three dimensions, special issue of the Journal of Structural Geology, 24(4), 671-687. 

Wilkerson, M.S., Apotria, T.G., and Farid, T.A., 2002, Interpreting the geologic map expression of contractional fault-related fold terminations:  lateral/oblique ramps versus displacement gradients, in Wilkerson, M.S., Fischer, M.P., and Apotria, T.G. (ed.), Fault-related folds:  Transition from two dimensions to three dimensions, special issue of the Journal of Structural Geology, 24(4), 593-607.

Amidon, C.M., Farid, T.A., Spears, G.S., and Wilkerson, M.S., 2000, 3-D computer modeling of fault-related fold terminations:  comparison of synthetic and natural examples, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 32(4).

Wilkerson, M.S., Amidon, C.M., Farid, T.A., and Spears, G.S., 2000, 3-D computer modeling of the northern termination of the Rundle thrust system,  GeoCanada 2000 Conference, compact disc abstract volume.

Amidon, C.M., Wilkerson, M.S., and Fischer, M.P., 2000, Using fracture analysis to understand the lateral propagation of a basement-involved, fault-related fold:  Grass Creek Anticline, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming,  Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 32(7).

Fischer, M. P., and Wilkerson, M. S., 2000, Predicting the orientation of joints from fold shape:  results of pseudo-three-dimensional modeling and curvature analysis, Geology, 28(1), 15-18.

2-D and 3-D analysis of fault-related folds (1998)

Student Collaborators: Connie Dicken (GEO)

Publications
Wilkerson, M. S., and Dicken, C. L., 2001, Quick-look techniques for evaluating 2-D cross sections in contractional settings, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 85(10), 1759-1770.

Wilkerson, M. S., and Dicken, C. L., 1998, Quick-look techniques for evaluating 2-D cross sections in contractional settings, Indiana Academy of Science Programs and Abstracts, 114th annual meeting, p. 84.

Other significant publications:

Wilkerson, M.S., Wilkerson, M. B., and Marshak, S., 2012, Geotours Workbook: A Guide for Exploring Geology and Creating Projects Using Google Earth, W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., ISBN:  978-0-393-91891-5, 161 pages.  Note: This is an independent book that initially was written as two previous supplemental workbooks (ISBN:  978-0-393-93233-1 & ISBN:  978-0-393-93462-5, W. W. Norton & Company) in 2008 & 2009 for Essentials of Geology & Earth:  Portrait of a Planet college textbooks .   

Apotria, T.G., and Wilkerson, M.S., 2005, Rosario field, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela, in Shaw, J.H., Connors, C., and Suppe, J. (ed.), Seismic interpretation of contractional fault-related folds: an AAPG seismic atlas, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Studies in Geology, 53, 71-76.

Marshak, S., and Wilkerson, M.S., 2004, Fold-thrust belts—an essay, in van der Pluijm, B.A. and Marshak, S., (ed.), Earth Structure: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc, 2nd ed., Ch 18, 444-474.

Wilkerson, M.S., Fischer, M.P., and Apotria, T.G. (editors), 2002, Fault-related folds: Transition from two dimensions to three dimensions, special issue of the Journal of Structural Geology, 24(4).