Science Fiction Studies

# 9 = Volume 3, Part 2 = July 1976

Darko Suvin and David Douglas

Jack London and His Science Fiction: An Annotated Chronological Select Bibliography

This bibliography attempts to include all relevant items through 1974 (together with some items from 1975). It is part of a work in progress, a research guide to SF under the general editorship of D. Suvin, to be published by G.K. Hall and Co. We acknowledge gratefully the financial support of a Québec FCAC grant, and the help of the McGill University Inter-Library Loans Office.

S1-S6. Bibliographies

S1. [B.M. Parchevskaia]. Dzhek London: Biobibliograficheskii ukazatel’. 1969 (Moskva: Kniga-Vsesoiuznaia gos. biblioteka inostrannoi literatur; 149p). Introductory article on London by N.M. Èishiskina, with basic chronology. In four parts: London’s publications in English (books by him, periodicals and anthologies, Soviet editions in English); non-Russian secondary literature on London (English and a few German titles); translations of London into Russian (almost 700 items); secondary literature in Russian (526 titles). Good indexes but not wholly satisfactory proofreading of English items. Indispensable to students of Russian items.

S2. James E. Sisson. "Jack London’s Plays: A Chronological Bibliography." 1971 (pp. 17-20 of Jack London, Daughters of the Rich, Oakland: Holmes). Lists 17 London plays, with some production and publication data.

S3. Date L. Walker with James E. Sisson III. The Fiction of Jack London: A Chronological Bibliography (El Paso: Texas Western Press; xvi+40). Chronological and partly annotated listing of London’s fiction published in English. Includes chronology of London’s books and life, and index. The uneven annotations include helpful information on sources, reprintings, and critical comment.

S4. Hensley C. Woodbridge, John London, and George H. Tweney. Jack London: A Bibliography. 1972 (Millwood NY: Krauss Reprint; enlarged edition of work first published 1966; 554p). Part one (writings by London) includes Books, Collections in English, Anthologies in English, Foreign Language Collections and Anthologies, Short Stories, Contributions to Periodicals, Introductions and Prefaces, Separately Published Ephemera, Spurious Works, Motion Pictures Based on London’s Works. Part two (writings about London) includes Books and Pamphlets in English, Parts of Books about London in English, Articles About London in English, Foreign Writings about London, Theses and Dissertations, Reviews of Books in English, Reviews of Books in Foreign Languages. The 1973 enlargement is a 118-page supplement by Woodbridge to most of the divisions. With title and personal-name index. Most complete bibliography to date.

S5. Hensley C. Woodbridge. Supplements to S4 in Jack London Newsletter. 1973 (6: 31-54, 123-30), 1974 (7: 48-54, 85-89, 127-31), 1975 (8: 28-31, 80-82, 133-37).

S6. The bibliographies of Gaer 1934 rpt 1970, Chomet 1949, Haydock 1960, Schubert 1964, Woodbridge 1966, Walker 1967, in the Jack London Newsletter 1967-69, of Labor 1968, Libman 1969, Sisson 1970, Pownall 1974, and Woodress 1974 are superseded by S1-S5. But see also S16 Foner, S23 Brown, S25 Bykov, S28 Weiderman, S30 Walker, and S31 Labor.

C1-C2. SF Collections

C1. The Science Fiction of Jack London: An Anthology. Ed. Richard Gid Powers. 1975 (Boston: Gregg). See S33. Contains ##3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18.

C2. Curious Fragments: Jack London’s Tales of Fantasy Fiction. Ed. Dale L. Walker. 1975 (Port Washington NY and London: Kennikat). See S34. Contains ## 1,2,3,5,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,18, plus three fantasy or marginal fantasy tales.

##1-18. SF Stories and Novels. Marginal cases are always difficult to categorize. We have decided to include the "pre-historic" but not the fantasy or semi-fantasy fiction. Most of these stories have been reprinted many times; for details see S1-S5.

#1. "A Thousand Deaths." 1899 (Black Cat [Boston], May). Drowned man undergoes a series of successful revivification experiments, and revenges himself through molecular disintegration by means of "apergy" (a word borrowed from J.J. Astor’s A Journey In Other Worlds, 1894).

#2. "The Rejuvenation of Major Rathbone." 1899 (Conkey’s Home Journal, Nov). Lymph compound is used for rejuvenation.

#3. "A Relic of the Pliocene." 1901 (Collier’s, Jan 12). 1904 (in London’s The Faith of Men and Other Stories, NY&L: Macmillan). Arctic tall tale about the killing of the last mammoth.

#4. "The Minions of Midas." 1901 (Pearson’s, May). 1906 (in London’s Moon-Face and Other Stories, NY&L: Macmillan). Terrorist group attempts to extort millions from capitalists through assassination.

#5. "The Shadow and the Flash." 1903 (Bookman [NY], June). 1906 (in Moon-Face; see #4). Two rival "mad scientists" devise different means of making themselves invisible.

#6. Before Adam. 1906-07 (Everybody’s, Oct-Feb). 1907 (NY&L: Macmillan). Young man relates dreams of his existence in the mid-Pleistocene as a member of a simple peace-loving people terrorized by a more technically advanced tribe.

#7. The Iron Heel. 1908 (NY&L: Macmillan). Journal purportedly written in 1932 describing the coming of a 20th-century fascist dictatorship and the attendant revolutionary resistance movement, with Foreword and notes by a commentator living in a socialist so-

ciety 700 years later. N.B. To our knowledge, of the recent US reprints of this novel, only the Hill and Wang edition of ca. 1974 is a full text; the others (e.g. Hill and Wang 1967 and Bantam 1971) misadvisedly omit London’s "Foreword," which is ostensibly by the utopian commentator, "Anthony Meredith"; see Darko Suvin, "Is the Publisher Always Right?," SFWA Buletin No. 51/52 (Summer 1974), and his letter in No. 53A (Fall 1974).

#8. "The Enemy of All the World." 1908 (Red Book, Oct). 1914 (in London’s The Strength of the Strong, NY: Macmillan). Report on the case of a criminal scientist of the 1930s who explodes gunpowder from a distance.

#9. "A Curious Fragment." 1908 (Town Topics [NY], Dec 10). 1911 (in London’s When God Laughs and Other Stories, NY: Macmillan, 1911). Underground story-teller in the 26th-century dictatorship of The Iron Heel (#7) describes a grisly incident in the revolutionary struggle of the worker-slaves. The story is presented by an historian of the utopian 43rd century.

#10. "Goliah." 1908 (Red Magazine, Dec). 1910 (in London’s Revolution and Other Essays, NY: Macmillan). Story purportedly written in the utopian 23rd century, celebrating a benevolent science wizard who, by means of a powerful explosive, brought peace and socialism to the world in 1924.

#11. "The Dream of Debs." 1909 (International Socialist Review, Jan-Feb). 1914 (in Strength; see #8). A perfect general strike in the 1940s is described.

#12. "The Unparalleled Invasion." 1910 (McClure’s, July). 1914 (in Strength; see #8). Bacteriological air warfare is successfully used by the White powers in 1976 to stop the expansion of China.

#13. "When the World Was Young." 1910 (Saturday Evening Post, Sept 10). 1913 (in London’s The Night-Born, NY: Century). A respectable businessman eventually overcomes his atavistic reversion to savagery.

#14. "The Strength of the Strong." 1911 (Hampton’s, March). 1914 (in Strength; see #8). Prehistoric parable of social development: a tribe moves from primitive communism through class domination to the "strength" of collective action.

#15. The Scarlet Plague. 1912 (London Magazine, June). 1915 (NY: Macmillan). A senile survivor of the world-wide plague of 2013 recalls 60 years later the return to barbarism which ensued.

#16. The Star Rover [also pbd as The Jacket]. 1914 (the American Sunday Monthly Magazine section of the Los Angeles Examiner, Feb 14 to Oct 10). 1915 (NY: Macmillan). An inmate of San Quentin prison, confined in a straight-jacket, relives his past incarnations in different times and places.

#17. The Acorn Planter. 1916 (NY: Macmillan). Play about the conflict between the creative "Acorn Planter" and the Warrior, reenacted in three historical epochs and ending with the apotheosis of the acorn-planters.

#18. "The Red One." 1918 (Cosmopolitan, Oct). 1918 (in London’s The Red One, NY: Macmillan). Dying on a South Pacific island inhabited by savages, a white man discovers an enormous sphere of interstellar origin, the significance of which remains a mystery.

S7-S35. Secondary Works.

S7. Charmian London. The Book of Jack London. 1921 (NY: Century; 2 vols., 422p and 414p). Sentimental and hero-worshiping biography, valuable as a record of London’s conversations and letters.

S8. Fred Lewis Pattee. "The Prophet of the Last Frontier." 1922 (pp. 98-160 of his Side-Lights on American Literature, NY: Century). 1930 (rev. as "Jack London," pp. 121-43 of his The New American Literature: 1890-1930, NY&L: Century). Within a limited artistic range, London, like Kipling, was a master of iconoclastic extremes and "startling pictures," a "prophet of blood and vulgarity" in the turn-of-the-century reaction against aestheticism. His "fierce individualism" and "supermen" are characteristic dreams from the youthful American west. An old-fashioned approach, deploring his materialism and finding redeeming qualities in his regional Americanism.

S9. Granville Hicks. The Great Tradition: An Interpretation of American Literature Since the Civil War. 1933 (rev. 1935, NY: Macmillan; pp. 186-96). Spencer and Nietzsche had a greater influence on London’s thought than socialism. Nothing was more appealing to him than the "primitive man," "strong, brutal, simple, seizing what he wanted."

S10. Irving Stone. Sailor on Horseback: The Biography of Jack London. 1938 (Garden City NY: Doubleday, 337p). 1947 (as Jack London, Sailor on Horseback: A Biographical Novel, same publisher). Of the two sub-titles, that of the 1947 edn is the more accurate characterization of the book. Some interesting details, but weak interpretation.

S11. Thomas King Whipple. "Jack London—Wonder Boy." 1938 (Saturday Review of Literature, Sept 24). 1943 (pp. 93-104 of his Study Out the Land, U of California Press; rpt 1971, Freeport NY: Books for Libraries Press). London’s glorification of power, violence, the "primitive, barbaric hero," and even racism was an individualistic "compensatory myth" of the lower middle class into which he was in fact born and for which he spoke. A corrective to Foner’s view of London as a working-class rebel (see S16).

S12. Joan London. Jack London and His Times: An Unconventional Biography. 1939 (NY: Doubleday, Doran; rpt 1968, Seattle and London: U of Washington Press; 385p). Sympathetic though critical appraisal, by London’s socialist daughter, of the evolution of his ideas and personality set against contemporary social and political history. Many literary, ideological, and political influences on him are discussed: Kipling, Ouida, the popular magazines, Kidd, Ghent. Although London was born in the working class, developed a proletarian class consciousness, and had sincere socialist convictions, his socialism was distorted by middle-class ambitions for wealth and success which led to frustration and disillusionment and eventually destroyed him. The Iron Heel is described (pp. 305-15) as an "intensely personal... rebuke and challenge" to the reformism of the American Socialist Party, and the critical reaction to the novel is reviewed. Though not definitive (in particular, it says little about London’s work as literature), it is the best overall survey and a fundamental work.

S13. George Orwell. "Prophecies of Fascism." 1940 (Tribune, July 12). 1968 (pp. 29-33 of Vol. 2 of The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, ed. Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus, L: Seeker & Warburg, and NY: Harcourt, Brace & World). The Iron Heel was not an "accurate forecast" of fascism, but London realized that the transition to socialism would not be automatic. Compared to Wells’s When the Sleeper Wakes and Huxley’s Brave New World, his insight was that a "ruling class has got to have a strict morality, a quasi-religious belief in itself." His exaltation of violence was a "Fascist strain" that allowed him to understand "how the possessing class would behave" when threatened. Opposed to all three novels is Ernest Bramah’s The Secret of the League (1909, first pbd in 1907 as What Might Have Been: The Story of a Social War).

S14. Leon Trotsky. "Trotsky and The Iron Heel: His Observations on the Famous Novel." 1945 (The New International, Apr). 1970 (as "Jack London’s The Iron Heel," pp. 221-24 of Leon Trotsky on Literature and Art, ed. Paul N. Siegel, NY: Pathfinder Press). The prime importance of The Iron Heel lies in the "independence of its historical foresight" of "bloody cataclysms" and their social bases. It is an audaciously hyperbolic extrapolation of "tendencies [toward oppression, cruelty, bestiality] rooted in capitalism" into fascism.

S15. George Orwell. "Introduction." 1946 (in London’s Love of Life and Other Stories, L: Elek). 1968 (pp. 23-29 of Vol. 4 of The Collected...Orwell; see S13). Repeats the assessment of The Iron Heel made in S13. London was for both democracy and "natural aristocracy"; deeply influenced by a crude Darwinist Survival of the Fittest, he also had a theoretical and practical understanding of suffering under industrial capitalism. Where these two convictions interact, as in some stories about the savagery of Nature and of industrial society, he is at his best. Even then, the texture of his writing is poor.

S16. Philip S. Foner. "Jack London: American Rebel." 1947 (pp. 3-130 of his Jack London: American Rebel: A Collection of his Social Writings Together with an Extensive Study of the Man and his Times, NY: Citadel; rpt 1964 by Citadel with updated bibliography and supplementary materials, mostly from "letters of London or interviews with him"). 1964 (the essay, bibliography, and supplementary materials rpt by Citadel as Jack London: American Rebel; 155p). Biographical and historical introduction to London’s socialist writings and thought. London is viewed as a class-conscious proletarian, albeit one with problematic "contradictions." A plot summary of The Iron Heel (pp. 87-97) is accompanied by unsupported ideological praise.

S17. Maxwell D. Geismar. "Jack London: The Short Cut." 1953 (pp. 139-216 of his Rebels and Ancestors: The American Novel, 1890-1915, Boston: Houghton Mifflin; rpt 1963, NY: Hill & Wang). A tightly argued survey of London’s fiction tracing "a satanic cosmos" or Darwinian Nightmare about a primitive world where the solitary hero is surrounded by animals—e.g. the exemplary Before Adam. The Iron Heel, a key work of American radicalism, contains careless passages but also a "rich, sardonic historical imagination" with brilliant insights; it is a blueprint of fascism, fusing social pathology and the "evangelical Marxist dialectic." Its central device is looking at contemporary behavior as if it belonged to a curious primitive age. The bad Star Rover interestingly combines the will to die and omnipotence. London was ruined by "commercial art."

S18. Kenneth S. Lynn. "Jack London: The Brain Merchant." 1955 (pp 75-118 of his The Dream of Success: A Study of the Modern American Imagination, Boston & Toronto: Little, Brown). London’s life outlook was a blend of Horatio Alger and Karl Marx, and the "conflicting claims" of socialism and success eventually broke him. Despite some interesting references to The Iron Heel, the central claims of the essay—e.g. that London’s socialist heroes are "frustrated Alger heroes"—are very questionable, and the documentation for the supporting quotations is lacking.

S19. Gordon Mills. "Jack London’s Quest for Salvation." 1955 (American Quarterly, Spring, 7:3-14). In his fiction London juxtaposed individualism and socialism through "an attack on social hypocrisy" (especially through the radical heroine) and "the structure of his plots." In roughly one-third of his novels, an adventure theme yields midway through the book to a love theme which is a critique of "unrestrained individualism and brutality." For London, socialism would lead to a society of "universal love," in which natural human impulses "could be expressed with neither hypocrisy nor brutality."

S20. Sam S. Baskett. "A Source for The Iron Heel." 1955 (American Literature, May, 27:268-70). Similarities in phrasing, ideas, and incidents to articles in the Oakland Socialist Voice suggest that the paper was an important source for The Iron Heel. Much of London’s knowledge of Marxism seems to come from such secondary sources.

S21. I.M. Badanova. "Kniga revolutsionnogo gneva." 1956 (Uch. zap. Tashkentskogo GPI innostranykh iazykov, Issue 1, pp. 151-73). Interesting points on composition, characterization, and images in The Iron Heel are almost submerged in pragmatic political moralizing.

S22. Charles Child Walcutt. Jack London: Blond Beasts and Supermen." 1956 (pp. 87-113 of his American Literary Naturalism, A Divided Stream, Minneapolis: U of Minnesota Press). London’s "intellectual furniture"—the contradiction between Spencerian Darwinism and moral idealism, the Nietzschean and the "red-blooded" Superman—makes him a case study of a naturalism divided internally between freedom and determinism, "egotistical self-assertion" and social reformism.

S23. Deming Brown. "Jack London and O. Henry." 1962 (pp. 219-38 of his Soviet Attitudes Toward American Writing, Princeton: Princeton U Press). London’s popularity and critical reception in Russia: after interesting oscillations, Soviet criticism has come to view him as a "typical ‘petty bourgeois rebel.’"

S24. Loren Eiseley. "Epilogue: Jack London, Evolutionist." 1970 (London’s Before Adam, NY: Macmillan; pp. 105-11 of 1970 Bantam ph edn). Although much of London’s evolutionary theory is no longer considered valid, Before Adam still has value in its contrast between the way of the "simple, wordless, and childlike" Folk and that of the Fire People who spread horror and disturb the balance of nature. London’s nostalgic sympathies lie with the former, the underdogs who, with their primitive sense of love and loyalty, have not yet acquired "the deadly killing nature of true men."

S25. V. M. Bykov. Dzhek London. 1964 (Moskva: Izd. Moskovskogo univerziteta; 254p). Survey of London’s work and ideas, concentrating on the novels. Profits from independent source research, especially on The Iron Heel (pp. 72-101). An appendix contains translated biographical material and a select bibliography.

S26. Frederic Cople Jaher. "Jack London: The Stone the Builders Rejected." 1964 (pp. 188-216 of his Doubters and Dissenters: Cataclysmic Thought in America, 1885-1918, NY: Free Press of Glencoe). Classifies London as the "romantic adventurer" type, the individual who has no "coherent self-image" and constantly seeks new thrills. Brief comments on "The Unparalleled Invasion" (#12), "The Dream of Debs" (#11), and "Goliah" (#10); longer arguments on The Scarlet Plague (#15) and especially The Iron Heel (#7). The violence and destruction of the latter serves the dual function of "paranoid revenge" for social frustration and "gratification of...death wish," by a man without hope for himself and hence for society. Standard psychoanalytic reduction of black social horizons to individual causes.

S27. Charles Child Walcutt. Jack London. 1966 (U of Minnesota Pamphlets on American Writers, No. 57; Minneapolis: U of Minnesota Press; 48p). A superficial survey.

S28. Richard Weiderman. "Jack London: Master of Science Fiction." 1971 (The London Collector, Apr, pp. 14-23). An elementary discussion of London’s SF and its background (Wells, Stanley Waterloo). The two ways to human happiness are Marxist revolution (The Iron Heel) or "an all-powerful ruler" ("Goliah"). Includes a 17-item bibliography.

S29. Bernard Poli. "Deux Romans d’Anticipation: Looking Backward et The Iron Heel." 1972 (pp. 143-57 of his Le Roman Américain 1865-1917: Mythes de la FrontiÈre et de la Ville, Paris: Librairie Armand Colin). The Iron Heel, like Bellamy’s Looking Backward, stands in judgment on the corruption and injustice of contemporary society, ruled by a perfidious and hypocritical upper class. In both, the socialist future returns no longer to a harmonic nature, but arrives through a symbolic underground at a new fraternal city. London’s "underlying image is that of the biblical cities which draw the vengeful and destructive fire," while the revolutionaries plan a New Jerusalem.

S30, Dale L. Walker. The Alien Worlds of Jack London. 1973 (Grand Rapids: Wolf House Books; 47p). London was "a creator of alien worlds." His "fantasy tales" are divided into "weird," "SF," "pre-history," and "futuristic," plus "unclassifiables." Mentions influences of SF on and by London. A rambling and superficial account, little more than a series of plot summaries. Includes a haphazard bibliography of London’s "Fantasy Fiction Works" with 26 entries.

S31. Earle Labor. Jack London. 1974 (Twayne’s United States Authors Series, 230; NY: Twayne; 179p). Monograph on London and his major works with much praise and a decidedly Jungian and mystical bias. "The quest for Paradise" opposed to corrupt civilization recurs throughout London’s work and career. He personifies the American transition from buoyant individualism to melancholy fragmentation. His fiction cannot sustain a long narrative, it abounds in didacticism, sentimentality, and flat characterization, but it is powerful because it re-creates archetypes. Within one of London’s "major fictional modes"—"fantasy"— The Iron Heel (pp. 101-05), though downplayed as generally lifeless and marred by a bad choice of narrator, is a disquieting "vision of urban holocaust"; other SF stories and novels (pp. 105-15) also have apocalyptic overtones. Includes chronology and selected bibliography, annotated for secondary sources.

S32. David Ketterer. New Worlds for Old: The Apocalyptic Imagination, Science Fiction, and American Literature. 1974 (Garden City NY: Anchor/Doubleday, and Bloomington: Indiana U Press; pp. 123-33). The Iron Heel is an example of the first phase (dystopian fiction) through which the "plot" of SF passes. Though London may have hoped for utopia, his apocalyptic sensibility led him to describe only the "preceding dystopia." Interestingly points out the novel’s moral ambiguities, transformations, and revelations, but makes unsubstantiated claims that all of them are "apocalyptic" in order to fit the novel into his overall theological thesis. His ideological bias is explicated in an appeal to "a critical reader... unable to accept the reality of London’s Socialist utopia."

S33. Richard Gid Powers. "Introduction." 1975 (pp. vi-xxiii of his The Science Fiction of Jack London: An Anthology; see Cl). London’s SF stories (in C1) are discussed with reference to his being a member of an "outcast class" without culture or tradition and to his search for the "quick artistic fix, the grand theory" to orient him. His SF, which has for theme man dominated by natural laws, uses evolutionary racism and revolutionary socialism for deductive writing rather than generalization from specific cases. The literary tradition from Mary Shelley and Poe to Wells and other contemporaries is also mentioned.

S34. Philip José Farmer. "Foreword." 1975 (pp. vii-x of Walker’s Curious Fragments: Jack London’s Tales of Fantasy Fiction; see C2). Brief comments on the short stories in the volume (C2). London’s fiction influenced Farmer as well as other prominent SF writers including Asimov, Clarke, and Heinlein.

S35. We have not yet been able to obtain the full run of The London Collector, Lois Rather’s Jack London, 1905 (1974), and a number of French, Russian, and German items. On the other hand, we have examined, and found of insufficient relevance, the works listed below by author’s name and date of first publication.

Books or parts of books by a single author: Aldiss 1973, Badanova 1963 (in Russian), Bogoslovskii 1963 and 1964 (in Russian), Brooks 1952, Calder-Marshall 1961, Calverton 1932, Chamberlain 1938, Franchere 1962, Frank 1919, Friche 1931 (in Russian), Garst 1944, Hartwick 1934, Hendricks 1966, Jung 1924 (in German), Kazin 1942, Lane 1925, Lewisohn 1932, Loggins 1937, Lunacharskii 1924 (in Russian), Malone 1942, Mencken 1919, Michaud 1918 (in French), Mumford 1926, Noel 1940, O’Brien 1923, O’Connor 1964, Parrington 1930, Pattee 1923, Payne 1926, Rentmeister 1960 and 1962 (in German), Rideout 1966, Sinclair 1925, Van Doren 1921, Voss 1973, Wagenknecht 1952, Zirkle 1959.

Introductions etc. to new editions of London: Abbott 1926 to London’s Essays of Revolt; Evans 1966 to The Iron Heel, 1967 to The Jacket (i.e. The Star Rover), 1968 to The Scarlet Plague and Before Adam; Fergusson 1933 to omnibus edn of The Call of the Wild, White Fang, and The Scarlet Plague; France 1923 to Le Talon de Fer (in French; 1928 in English to The Iron Heel); Geismar 1960 to London’s Short Stories; Jourdain 1946 to Le Talon de Fer (in French); Lerner 1957 to The Iron Heel; Murphy 1963 to The Star Rover; Samarin 1961 to Sobranie Sochinenii vol. 1 (in Russian); Vaillant-Couturier 1933 to Le Talon de Fer (in French); Zinn 1971 to The Iron Heel.

Contributions to books by several hands or to periodicals: Baskett 1958 to American Quarterly; Bogoslovskii 1956 to Andreev and Samarin, eds., Kurs lektsii...vol. 1, and 1956 and 1962 to Uch. zap. Moskovskogo obl. PI vol. 37 and vol. 3 (in Russian); Calmer 1932 to New Masses; Chamberlain 1938 to New Republic; Crossman 1940 to New Statesman and Nation; Farrell 1946 to Tomorrow; Ihde 1972 to Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik (in German); Lewis 1914 to Bookman (NY); Mumford 1922 to The New Republic; Murphy 1932 to Overland Monthly; Perrin 1922 in Revue des Deux Mondes (in French); Pollitt 1955 to Challenge; Toothaker 1950 to Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America; Walker 1967 to Gohdes, ed., Essays on American Literature... ; Wharton 1917 to Overland Monthly; those 1967-1974 to Jack London Newsletter; those 1966 to the special London issue of American Book Collector.



This bibliography attempts to include all relevant items through 1974 (together with some items from 1975). It is part of a work in progress, a research guide to SF under the general editorship of Darko Suvin, to be published by G. K. Hall. Covered are bibliographies, anthologies, titles of individual SF stories and novels by London, and criticism.

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