Science Fiction Studies

Chronological Bibliography of Science Fiction History, Theory, and Criticism


The following bibliography of science fiction criticism does not claim to be exhaustive. It does, however, gather together a large number of critical materials on sf that the editors of SFS deem to be important, influential, or historically noteworthy. We have listed the entries in reverse chronological order since such a format, we feel, affords a useful glimpse of the evolution of sf criticism from 1634 to the present. In those cases where items listed on the bibliography have either been reviewed in SFS or featured in our Documents in the History of SF series, we have inserted links to the relevant pages.

In consulting this collective bibliography, our readers should be aware of certain methodological and editorial assumptions we made in compiling it. First, there are very few references herein to critical works that focus primarily on utopias; these are treated quite extensively in scholarly journals like Utopian Studies and in books by Lyman Tower Sargent and others. Second, rather than citing numerous individual reviews and essays by well-known critics or authors, as a rule we have preferred to list relevant compendia--e.g., John Clute's Strokes (1988) or his Look at the Evidence (1995)--even though, in many cases, the material gathered in these volumes was written much earlier. Third, we have excluded from this list most anthologies of sf, author biographies and interviews, works of theory that do not focus primarily on sf, and general bibliographies of sf (which tend to date rapidly from the moment they are published).

The original version of this critical bibliography appeared in the special issue of SFS "A History of Science Fiction Criticism" (26.2 [July 1999]: 263-83), where it served as the collective Works Cited for survey articles on the topic by Arthur B. Evans, Gary Westfahl, Donald M. Hassler, and Veronica Hollinger.



2022-2020      2019-2000       1999-1990      1989-1980      1979-1970      1969-1960      1959-1930      1929-1900      1899-1800      1799-1634



  • Brent Ryan Bellamy. Remainders of the American Century: Post-apocalyptic Novels in the Age of US Decline. Wesleyan UP, 2021.
  • Dale Knickerbocker, ed. Spain Is Different? Historical Memory and the ‘Two Spains’ in Turn-of-the-Millennium Spanish Apocalyptic Fictions. U of Wales P, 2022.
  • Ryan Lizardi. Existential Science Fiction. Lexington, 2022.
  • Stefan Rabitsch, Michael Fuchs, and Stefan L. Brandt, eds. Fantastic Cities: American Urban Spaces in Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror. UP of Mississippi, 2022.


  • Caroline Alphin. Neoliberalism and Cyberpunk Science Fiction: Living on the Edge of Burnout. Routledge, 2021.
  • Sonia Baelo-Allué and Mónica Calvo-Pascual, eds. Transhumanism and Posthumanism in Twenty-First Century Narrative. Routledge, PERSPECTIVES ON THE NON-HUMAN IN LITERATURE AND CULTURE, 2021.
  • Christophe Becker and Clémentine Hougue, eds. The Pandemic in Science Fiction. Books on Demand (Hamburg), 2021.
  • Brent Ryan Bellamy. Remainders of the American Century: Post-Apocalyptic Novels in the Age of US Decline. Wesleyan UP, 2021.
  • Eileen Hunt Botting. Artificial Life after Frankenstein. U of Pennsylvania P, 2021.
  • Jayna Brown. Black Utopias: Speculative Life and the Music of Other Worlds. Duke UP, 2021.
  • Mark Bould. The Anthropocene Unconscious: Climate Catastrophe in Contemporary Culture. Verso, 2021.
  • Ian Campbell, ed. Science Fiction in Translation: Perspectives on the Global Theory and Practice of Translation. Palgrave, STUDIES IN GLOBAL SCIENCE FICTION, 2021.
  • Thomas Connolly. After Human: A Critical History of the Human in Science Fiction from Shelley to Le Guin. Liverpool UP, LIVERPOOL SCIENCE FICTION TEXTS AND STUDIES, 2021.
  • F. Brett Cox. Roger Zelazny. MODERN MASTERS OF SCIENCE FICTION, U of Illinois P, 2021.
  • Emily Cox-Palmer-White. The Biopolitics of Gender in Science Fiction: Feminism and Female Machines. Routledge, 2021.
  • Tereza Dědinová, Weronika Laszkiewichz, and Sylvia Borowska-Szerszun, eds. Images of the Anthropocene in Speculative Fiction: Narrating the Future. Lexington, 2021.
  • Sina Farzin, Susan M. Gaines, and Roslynn D. Haynes, eds. Under the Literary Microscope: Science and Society in the Contemporary Novel. Pennsylvania State UP, 2021.
  • William O. Gardner. The Metabolist Imagination: Visions of the City in Postwar Japanese Architecture and Science Fiction. U of Minnesota P, 2020.
  • Meghan Gilbert-Hickey and Miranda A. Green-Barteet, eds. Race in Young Adult Speculative Fiction. UP of Mississippi, 2021.
  • Gregory J. Hampton and Kendra R. Parker, eds. The Bloomsbury Handbook to Octavia E. Butler. Bloomsbury Academic, 2020.
  • Kazue Harada. Sexuality, Maternity, and (Re)productive Futures: Women's Speculative Fiction in Contemporary Japan. Brill, BRILL'S JAPANESE STUDIES LIBRARY, 2021.
  • David M. Higgins. Reverse Colonization: Science Fiction, Imperial Fantasy, and Alt-victimhood. U of Iowa P, 2021.
  • Jon Hoel. Stalker. U of Liverpool Press, CONSTELLATIONS, 2021.
  • Richard Howard. Space for Peace: Fragments of the Irish Troubles in the Science Fiction of Bob Shaw and James White. Liverpool UP, LIVERPOOL SCIENCE FICTION TEXTS AND STUDIES, 2021.
  • Jia Liyuan. “Xian Dai ” yu “Wei Zhi ”: Wan Qing Ke Huan Ziao Shuo Yan Jiu [The Modern and the Unknown: A Study of Science Fiction in the Late Qing Dynasty]. Beijing UP, 2021.
  • Sami Ahmad Khan. Star Warriors of the Modern Raj: Materiality, Mythology and Technology of Indian Science Fiction. U of Wales P, NEW DIMENSIONS IN SCIENCE FICTION, 2021.
  • Hua Li. Chinese Science Fiction during the Post-Mao Cultural Thaw. U of Toronto P, 2021.
  • Anna McFarlane. Cyberpunk Culture and Psychology: Seeing Through the Mirrorshades. Routledge, RESEARCH IN CULTURAL AND MEDIA STUDIES, 2021
  • Mitch R. Murray and Nathias Nilges, eds. William Gibson and the Futures of Contemporary Culture. U of Iowa P, THE NEW AMERICAN CANON, 2021. xx+268 pp. $90 pbk or ebk.
  • Joseph S. Norman. The Culture of “the Culture”: Utopian Processes in Iain M. Banks’s Space Opera Series. Liverpool UP, LIVERPOOL SCIENCE FICTION TEXTS AND STUDIES, 2021.
  • Christopher Palmer. Apocalypse in Crisis: Fiction from The War of the Worlds to Dead Astronauts. Liverpool UP, LIVERPOOL SCIENCE FICTION TEXTS AND STUDIES, 2021.
  • Michael Pitts. Alternative Masculinities in Feminist Speculative Fiction: A New Man. Lexington, 2021.
  • J. Jesse Ramirez. Against Automation Mythologies : Business Science Fiction and the Ruse of the Robots. Routledge, 2021.
  • John Rieder. Speculative Epistemologies. Liverpool UP, LIVERPOOL SCIENCE FICTION TEXTS AND STUDIES, 2021.
  • Joy Sanchez-Taylor. Diverse Futures: Science Fiction and Authors of Color. Ohio State UP, 2021.
  • Fred Scharmen. Space Forces: A Critical History of Life in Outer Space. Verso, 2021
  • Steven Shaviro. Extreme Fabulations. Goldsmith, 2021
  • Roger A. Sneed. The Dreamer and the Dream: Afrofuturism and Black Religious Thought. Ohio State UP, NEW SUNS: RACE, GENDER, AND SEXUALITY IN THE SPECULATIVE, 2021.
  • Eli Park Sorensen. Science Fiction Film: Predicting the Impossible in the Age of Neoliberalism. Edinburgh UP, 2021.
  • Miriam C. Brown Spiers. Encountering the Sovereign Other: Indigenous Science Fiction. Michigan State UP, 2021.
  • Douglas A. Vakoch, ed. Ecofeminist Science Fiction: International Perspectives on Gender, Ecology and Literature. Routledge, 2021.
  • Sherryl Vint. Biopolitical Futures in Twenty-First-Century Speculative Fiction. Cambridge UP, CAMBRIDGE STUDIES IN TWENTY FIRST CENTURY LITERTAURE AND CULTURE, 2021.
  • Sherryl Vint. Science Fiction. MIT, Essential Knowledge, 2021.
  • Nathaniel Robert Walker. Victorian Visions of Suburban Utopia: Abandoning Babylon. Oxford UP, 2021.
  • Orrin N.C. Wang, ed. Frankenstein in Theory: A Critical Anatomy. Bloomsbury Academic, 2021
  • Allan Weiss. The Routledge Introduction to Canadian Fantastic Literature. Routledge, 2021.
  • Jerome Winter. Citizen Science Fiction. Lexington, 2021.
  • Bill Wood, ed. On Samuel R. Delany’s Dhalgren. Fantastic Books, 2021.
  • Robert Yeates. American Cities in Post-Apocalyptic Science Fiction. UCL, Modern Americas, 2021.












































  • Hilary Bailey. "Some Corner of a Funny Field." Foundation: The Review of Science Fiction 13 (May 1978): 78-83.
  • John Brosnan. Future Tense: The Cinema of Science Fiction. London: Macdonald, 1978.
  • William Contento. Index to Science Fiction Anthologies and Collections. Boston: Hall, 1978.
  • Harlan Ellison. The Book of Ellison. Ed. Andrew Porter. New York: ALGOL, 1978.
  • Takashi Ishikawa and Norio Itoh, eds. Sekai no SF Bungaku S´kaisetsu. Tokyo: Kokuminsha, 1978. Revised and expanded ed., 1986.
  • Bertrand Méheust. Science-fiction et soucoupes volantes. Paris: Mercure, 1978.
  • R.D. Mullen and Darko Suvin. Science-Fiction Studies: Selected Articles on Science Fiction 1976-1977. Boston: Gregg, 1978.
  • Frederik Pohl. The Way the Future Was: A Memoir. 1978. New York: Ballantine, 1979.
  • Boris Vian. Cinéma/science-fiction. Paris: Bourbons, 1978.



  • Special Issue: "Science Fiction before Wells." SFS 3 (November 1976): 219-286.
  • Michael Ashley. "Introduction: From Bomb to Boom." In The History of the Science Fiction Magazines, Volume III: 1946-1955, ed. Michael Ashley. London: New English, 1976. Chicago: Contemporary, 1977. 13-109.
  • Neil Barron, ed. Anatomy of Wonder: Science Fiction. New York: Bowker, 1976. Subsequent editions in 1981, 1987, and 1995.
  • Mary Elizabeth Bowen. "Introduction." In David Russen, Iter Lunare, or A Voyage to the Moon. 1703. Boston: Gregg, 1976. v-xiv.
  • Reginald Bretnor, ed. The Craft of Science Fiction. New York: Harper, 1976.
  • Thomas D. Clareson, ed. Voices for the Future. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State U Popular P, 1976.
  • Lester del Rey. The World of Science Fiction, 1926-1976: The History of a Subculture. New York: Garland, 1976. Rpt. New York: Ballantine, 1979.
  • William B. Fischer, "German Theories of Science Fiction: Jean Paul, Kurd Lasswitz, and After." SFS 3.3 (Nov. 1976): 254-64.
  • Jack Benoit Gohn. Kingsley Amis: A Checklist. Kent, OH: Kent State UP, 1976.
  • Sam Moskowitz. Strange Horizons: The Spectrum of Science Fiction. New York: Scribner, 1976.
  • R.D. Mullen and Darko Suvin. Science-Fiction Studies: Selected Articles on Science Fiction 1973-1975. Boston: Gregg, 1976.
  • Alexei and Cory Panshin. SF in Dimension: A Book of Explorations. Chicago: Advent, 1976.
  • Eric S. Rabkin. The Fantastic in Literature. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1976.
  • Mark Rose, ed. Science Fiction: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1976.
  • The Science Fiction Writers of America. Writing and Selling Science Fiction. Cincinnati: Writer's Digest, 1976.
  • Brian Stableford. "William Wilson's Prospectus for Science Fiction: 1851." Foundation: The Review of Science Fiction 10 (June 1976): 6-13.
  • Harry Warner, Jr. A Wealth of Fable: The History of Science Fiction Fandom in the 1950s. New York: Fanhistorica, 1976.





  • Philip K. Dick. "The Android and the Human." Guest of Honor Speech at Vancouver SF Convention. First pub. in SF Commentary in December 1972. Rpt. in The Dark-Haired Girl. Willimantic, CT: Ziesing, 1988. 121-162.
  • Manfred Nagl. Science Fiction in Deutschland: Untersuchungen zur Genese, Soziographie, und Ideologie der phantastischen Massenliteratur. Tübingen: Tübingen Vereinigung für Volkstunde, 1972.
  • Patrick Parrinder, ed. H. G. Wells: The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge, 1972.
  • Pierre Versins. L'Encyclopédie de l'utopie, des voyages extraordinaires et de la science-fiction. Lausanne, Switzerland: Editions L'Age d'Homme, 1972. 2nd ed. (with index), 1984.


  • Henri Baudin. La Science-fiction: un univers en expansion. Paris: Bordas, 1971.
  • Jean Chesneaux. Une lecture politique de Jules Verne. Paris: Maspero, 1971. Rpt. in English as The Political and Social Ideas of Jules Verne. London: Thames, 1972.
  • Thomas D. Clareson. SF: The Other Side of Realism. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green U Popular P, 1971.
  • M. John Harrison. "A Literature of Comfort." In New Worlds Quarterly, ed. Michael Moorcock. New York Berkley, 1971. 182-190.
  • Raymond Trousson. "Introduction." In Louis-Sébastien Mercier, L'An deux mille quatre cent quarante, ed. Raymond Trousson. Paris: Ducros, 1971. 7-73.
  • Donald A. Wollheim. The Universe Makers: Science Fiction Today. New York: Harper, 1971.


  • Roland Barthes. "Par où commencer?" Poétique 1 (février 1970): 3-9.
  • John Baxter. Science Fiction in the Cinema. New York: Barnes, 1970.
  • James Blish. [as William Atheling, Jr.] More Issues at Hand. Chicago: Advent, 1970.
  • Anatolii Fedorovich Britikov. Russkii sovetskii nauchno-fantasticheskii roman. Leningrad: Nauka, 1970.
  • Erica Harth. Cyrano de Bergerac and the Polemics of Modernity. New York: Columbia UP, 1970.
  • Sam Moskowitz. Under the Moons of Mars: A History and Anthology of "Scientific Romance" in the Munsey Magazines, 1912-1920. New York: Holt, 1970.
  • R.D. Mullen. "Edgar Rice Burroughs and the Fate Worse than Death." Riverside Quarterly 4.3 (June 1970): 186-91.
  • Robert M. Philmus. Into the Unknown: Science Fiction from Francis Godwin to H.G. Wells. Berkeley: U of Califomia P, 1970.
  • Carlo Pagetti. Il Senso del futuro. La fantascienza nella letteratura americana. Roma: Ed di storia e letteratura, 1970.
  • Tzvetan Todorov. Introduction à la littérature fantastique. Paris: Seuil, 1970. Rpt. in English as The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre, trans. Richard Howard. Cleveland: Case Western Reserve UP, 1973.


  • Harlan Ellison. "Introduction: The Waves in Rio." In The Beast That Shouted Love at the Heart of the World. New York: Avon, 1969. 9-14.
  • Sam J. Lundwall. Science Fiction--Från begynnelsen till våra dagar. Sweden, 1969. Rpt. in English as Science Fiction: What It's All About. New York: Ace, 1971.
  • Franz Rottensteiner. "Kurd Lasswitz: A German Pioneer of S.F." Riverside Quarterly 4.1 (August 1969): 4-18.
  • Harry Warner, Jr. All Our Yesterdays: An Informal History of Science Fiction Fandom in the Forties. Chicago: Advent, 1969.


  • W.H.G. Armytage. Yesterday's Tomorrows: A Historical Survey of Future Societies. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1968.
  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "Science Fiction We Can Buy." The Writer 81 (September 1968): 27-28.
  • André Carneiro. Introdução ao estudo da "science-fiction'. Saõ Paolo: Consenhlo estudual de cultura comissao de litteratura, 1968.
  • R.D. Mullen. "Blish, van Vogt, and the Uses of Spengler." Riverside Quarterly 3.3 (Aug. 1968): 172-86.
  • Alexei Panshin. Heinlein in Dimension. Chicago: Advent, 1968.


  • Kingsley Amis. "A Cosmic Despair." New York Times Book Review 22 (Oct. 1967): 6, 60.
  • Harlan Ellison. "Introduction: Thirty-Two Soothsayers." In Dangerous Visions, ed. Harlan Ellison. Garden City: Doubleday, 1967.
  • Mark R. Hillegas. The Future as Nightmare: H.G. Wells and the Anti-Utopians. New York: Oxford UP, 1967.
  • Stanislaw Lem. Fantastyka i futurologia. Krakow: Wydawnictwo Literackie, 1970.
  • Judith Merril. "Introduction." In SF: The Best of the Best, ed. Judith Merril. New York: Dell, 1967.
  • R.D. Mullen. "H.G. Wells and Victor Rousseau Emanuel." Extrapolation 8.2 (May 1967): 31-63.
  • Robert Scholes. The Fabulators. New York: Oxford UP, 1967.


  • J.G. Ballard. "The Coming of the Unconscious." New Worlds 164 (July 1966): 141-45.
  • John W. Campbell, Jr. Collected Editorials from Analog. Selected by Harry Harrison. Garden City, NJ: Doubleday, 1966.
  • I.F. Clarke. Voices Prophesying War: 1763-1984. London: Oxford UP, 1966, 2nd. ed., 1992.
  • H. Bruce Franklin. Future Perfect: American Science Fiction of the Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford UP, 1966. Rpt. 1968. Revised 1970. Revised and expanded as Future Perfect: American Science Fiction in the Nineteenth Century--An Anthology. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1995.
  • Pierre Macherey. "Jules Verne ou le récit en défaut." In his Pour une théorie de la production littéraire. Paris: Maspero, 1966. 183-266. Rpt. in English as "Jules Verne: The Faulty Narrative," in A Theory of Literary Production, trans. Geoffrey Wall. London: Routledge, 1978. 159-248.
  • Judith Merril. "What Do You Mean: Science? Fiction?" Extrapolation 7 (May 1966): 30-46; 8 (December 1966): 2-19. Rpt. in SF--The Other Side of Realism: Essays on Modern Fantasy and Science Fiction, ed. Thomas D. Clareson. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green U Popular P, 1971. 53-95.
  • Michael Moorcock. "Why So Conversative?" New Worlds SF 50, #166 (September 1966): 2-3, 156.
  • Sam Moskowitz. Seekers of Tomorrow: Masters of Modern Science Fiction. Cleveland: World, 1966.
  • Susan Sontag. "The Imagination of Disaster." In her Against Interpretation. New York: Farrar, 1966. 209-225.


  • James Blish. [as William Atheling, Jr.] The Issue at Hand. Chicago: Advent, 1964.
  • Pablo Capanna. El Sentido de la ciencia-ficcion. Buenos Aires: Columba, 1966.
  • Michael Moorcock. "A New Literature for the Space Age." New Worlds 142 (May-June 1964): 2-3.
  • Alva Rogers. A Requiem for Astounding. Chicago: Advent, 1964.


  • Julius Kagarlitski. The Life and Thought of H.G. Wells. 1963. Trans. Moura Budberg. London: Sidgwick, 1966.
  • Sam Moskowitz. Explorers of the Infinite: Shapers of Science Fiction. Cleveland: World, 1963.
  • Jack Williamson. H.G. Wells: Critic of Progress. Baltimore: Mirage, 1973 [originally a doctoral dissertation at the University of Colorado, 1963].


  • J.G. Ballard. "Which Way to Inner Space?" Guest editorial in New Worlds 118 (May 1962): 2-3, 116-18.
  • Lino Aldani. La Fantascienza: che cos'è, come è sorta, dove tende. Piacenza: Tribuna, 1962.
  • Chad Walsh. From Utopia to Nightmare. New York: Harper & Rowe, 1962.



  • Kingsley Amis. New Maps of Hell. A Survey of Science Fiction. New York: Harcourt, 1960.
  • Marcel Moré. Le Très curieux Jules Verne. Paris: NRF, 1960.


  • Maurice Blanchot. "Le Bon usage de la science-fiction." La Nouvelle Revue Française (Jan. 1959): 91-100.
  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "Non-Escape Literature." Astounding Science-Fiction 62 (February 1959): 5-7, 161-62.
  • Basil Davenport, ed. The Science Fiction Novel: Imagination and Social Criticism. Chicago: Advent, 1959.
  • Robert A. Heinlein. "Science Fiction: Its Nature, Faults, and Virtues." In The Science Fiction Novel: Imagination and Social Criticism, ed. Basil Davenport. Chicago: Advent, 1959.
  • C.M. Kornbluth. "The Failure of the Science Fiction Novel as Social Criticism." In The Science Fiction Novel: Imagination and Social Criticism, ed. Basil Davenport. Chicago: Advent, 1959.



  • Roland Barthes. "Nautilus et Bateau Ivre." In Mythologies. Paris: Seuil, 1957. 90-92. Rpt. in English as "The Nautilus and the Drunken Boat," trans. Annette Lavers. New York: Wang, 1972. 65-67.
  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "Science Fiction and the Opinion of the Universe." Saturday Review 39 (May 12, 1956): 9-10, 42-43.
  • Damon Knight. In Search of Wonder. Chicago: Advent, 1956. Revised and enlarged edition published in 1967.
  • Marjorie Hope Nicolson. Science and Imagination. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1956.
  • Raymond Williams. "Science Fiction." The Highway: Journal of the Workers' Educational Association 48 (Dec. 1956): 41-45.


  • Sam Moskowitz. The Immortal Storm: A History of Science Fiction Fandom. Atlanta: Atlanta Science Fiction Organization, 1954. Rpt. Westport, CT: Hyperion, 1974.


  • Reginald Bretnor, ed. Modern Science Fiction: Its Meaning and Its Future. New York: Coward, 1953. Rpt. Chicago: Advent, 1979.
  • Michel Butor. "La Crise de croissance de la science-fiction." Les Cahiers du Sud (mars 1953): 31-39. Rpt. in English as "Science Fiction: The Crisis of its Growth," trans. Robert Howard. Partisan Review 34 (Fall 1967): 595-602. Rpt. in SF: The Other Side of Realism, ed. Thomas D. Clareson. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green U Popular P, 1971. 157-65.
  • Hal Clement. "Whirligig World." Astounding Science-Fiction 51 (June, 1953): 102-114.
  • L. Sprague de Camp. Science Fiction Handbook: The Writing of Imaginative Fiction. New York: Hermitage House, 1953. Revised and republished by L. Sprague de Camp and Catherine Crook de Camp as Science Fiction Handbook--Revised: A Guide to Writing Imaginative Literature. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1975.
  • Hugo Gernsback. "The Impact of Science-Fiction on World Progress." Science-Fiction Plus 1 (March 1953): 2, 67.
  • -----. "The Science-Fiction Industry." Science-Fiction Plus 1 (May 1953): 2.
  • -----. "Science-Fiction Semantics." Science-Fiction Plus 1 (August 1953): 2.
  • -----. "Status of Science-Fiction: Snob Appeal or Mass Appeal?" Science-Fiction Plus 1 (December 1953): 2.


  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "Introduction." In Cloak of Aesir. 1952. New York: Lancer, 1952.
  • Hugo Gernsback. Evolution of Modern Science Fiction. New York, 1952.
  • Gotthard Günther. Die Entdeckung und die Sache der amerikanischen Weltraumliteratur. Düsseldorf: Kark Rauch, 1952.


  • H. L. Gold. "Step Outside." Galaxy 3 (November 1951): 2-3.
  • -----. "Yardstick for Science Fiction." Galaxy 1 (February 1951): 2-3.
  • Barbara Scott. "The Girls in Their Cosmic Dresses, or, The Thing of Shapes to Come." Rhodomagnetic Digest 3 (July-August 1951): 13-20.
  • Stéphan Spriel and Boris Vian. "Un nouveau genre littéraire: la science-fiction." Les Temps Modernes (Oct. 1951): 618-27.


  • Everett F. Bleiler and T.E. Dikty. "Preface." In The Best Science Fiction Stories: 1950, eds. Everett F. Bleiler and T.E. Dikty. New York: Fell, 1950.
  • Jean-Jacques Bridenne. La Littérature française d'imagination scientifique. Lausanne: Dassonville, 1950.
  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "Introduction." In Robert A. Heinlein, The Man Who Sold the Moon. Chicago: Shasta, 1950. 11-15.
  • H. L. Gold. "For Adults Only." Galaxy 1 (October 1950): 2-3.
  • Norman Siringer. "Literature and Science Fiction." Rhodomagnetic Digest 2 (August 1950): 19-22.


  • Everett F. Bleiler and T.E. Dikty. "Preface." In The Best Science Fiction Stories: 1949, eds. Everett F. Bleiler and T.E. Dikty. New York: Fell, 1949.
  • Michel Butor. "Le Point suprême et l'âge d'or à travers quelques oeuvres de Jules Verne." Arts et Lettres 15 (1949): 3-31. Rpt. in his Repertoire I. Paris: Minuit, 1960. 130-62.




  • Groff Conklin, ed. The Best of Science Fiction. New York: Crown, 1946, v-xi. Includes John W. Campbell, Jr.'s "Concerning Science Fiction" and an introduction by Conklin.


  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "Atomic Age." Astounding Science-Fiction 36 (November 1945): 5-6, 98.


  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "Too Good at Guessing." Astounding Science-Fiction 29 (April 1942): 6-7.


  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "History to Come." Astounding Science-Fiction 27 (May 1941): 5-6.
  • Philip Babcock Gove. The Imaginary Voyage in Prose Fiction. New York: Columbia UP, 1941. Rpt. New York: Arno, 1975.


  • Kenneth Allot. Jules Verne. London: Crescent, 1940.
  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "The Old Navy Game." Astounding Science-Fiction 25 (June 1940): 6.


  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "Future Tense." Astounding Science-Fiction 23 (June 1939): 6.


  • John W. Campbell, Jr. "Science-Fiction." Astounding Science-Fiction 21 (March 1938): 47.
  • Ray Palmer. "The Observatory by the Editor." Amazing Stories, 12 (June 1938): 8.


  • Clyde F. Beck. Hammer and Tongs. Lakeport, CA: Futile, 1937.
  • F. Orlin Tremaine. "The Growing Consciousness." Astounding Stories 19 (March 1937): 123.


  • Marjorie Hope Nicolson. "A World in the Moon: A Study of the Changing Attitude Toward the Moon in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries." Smith College Studies in Modern Languages 17.2 (1936): 1-72.
  • F. Orlin Tremaine. "Blazing New Trails." Astounding Stories 17 (August 1936): 153.
  • -----. "Ad Astra." Astounding Stories 18 (September 1936): 7.
  • Mort Weisinger. "The New Thrilling Wonder Stories." Thrilling Wonder Stories 8 (August 1936): 10.


  • Hugo Gernsback. "The Science Fiction League." Wonder Stories 5 (May 1934): 1061-1065.


  • Hugo Gernsback. "On Reprints." Wonder Stories Quarterly 4 (Winter 1933): 99.
  • H.G. Wells. "Preface." In The Scientific Romances of H.G. Wells. London: Gollancz, 1933. Published in the U.S. as Seven Famous Novels by H.G. Wells. New York: Knopf, 1934. vii-x. Rpt. as The Complete Science Fiction Treasury of H.G. Wells. New York: Avenel, 1978. Rpt. in Patrick Parrinder and Robert M. Philmus, eds., H.G. Wells's Literary Criticism. Sussex: Harvester, 1980. 240-245.


  • Hugo Gernsback. "Good News for Our Readers." Wonder Stories Quarterly 4 (Fall 1932): 5.
  • -----. "Reasonableness in Science Fiction." Wonder Stories 4 (December 1932): 585.


  • Hugo Gernsback. "Wonders of the Machine Age." Wonder Stories 3 (July 1931): 151-152, 286.
  • S. P. Meek. "The Pseudo-Scientific Story." Writer's Digest 11 (May 1931), 37-39, 69.
  • "The Reader Speaks" [letter column]. Wonder Stories 3 (June 1931): 132.


  • Harry Bates. "About Reprints." Astounding Stories of Super-Science 1 (July 1930): 134-135 [unsigned].
  • -----. "Editorial Number One: To Begin." Astounding Stories of Super-Science 1 (Jan. 1930). Rpt. in Alva Rogers, A Requiem for Astounding. Chicago: Advent, 1964. viii-xvi.
  • Hugo Gernsback. "How to Write 'Science' Stories." Writer's Digest 10 (February 1930): 27-29. Rpt. in SFS 21.2 (July 1994): 268-72.
  • -----. "Science Fiction vs. Science Faction." Wonder Stories Quarterly 2 (Fall 1930): 5.
  • -----. "Science Fiction Week." Science Wonder Stories 1 (May 1930): 1061.


  • Hugo Gernsback. "Air Wonder Stories." Air Wonder Stories 1 (July 1929): 5. Available on the Internet at
  • -----. "Science Wonder Stories." Science Wonder Stories 1 (June 1929): 5.
  • Régis Messac. "Voyages modernes au centre de la terre." Revue de Littérature comparée 9 (1929): 74-104.
  • T. O'Conor Sloane. "Amazing Stories." Amazing Stories 4 (May 1929): 103.
  • -----. "The Editor and the Reader." Amazing Stories 4 (September 1929): 485.


  • Marguerite Allotte de la Fuÿe. Jules Verne, sa vie, son oeuvre. Paris: Simon Kra, 1928. Rpt. in English as Jules Verne, trans. Erik de Mauny. London: Staples, 1954.
  • Hugo Gernsback. "The Rise of Scientifiction." Amazing Stories Quarterly 1 (Spring 1928): 147.
  • Maurice Renard. "Le Roman hypothèse." ABC (Dec. 15, 1928). Rpt. in his Romans et contes fantastiques. Paris: Laffont, "Bouquins," 1990. 1216-1218.
  • Jack Williamson. "Scientifiction, Searchlight of Science" [Guest editorial]. Amazing Stories Quarterly 1 (Fall 1928): 435.


  • Hugo Gernsback. "Amazing Youth." Amazing Stories 2 (October 1927): 625.
  • -----. "Idle Thoughts of a Busy Editor." Amazing Stories 1 (March 1927): 1085.


  • Anonymous blurb to The Island of Dr. Moreau. Amazing Stories 1 (October 1926): 637 [probably by either Gernsback or Sloane].
  • Hugo Gernsback. "Imagination and Reality." Amazing Stories 1 (October 1926): 579.
  • -----. "The Lure of Scientifiction." Amazing Stories 1 (June 1926): 195.
  • -----. "A New Sort of Magazine." Amazing Stories 1 (April 1926): 3.
  • -----. "Plausibility in Scientifiction." Amazing Stories 1 (November 1926): 675.
  • J. Morel. "Rosny Aîné et le merveilleux scientifique." Mercure de France 168 (1926): 82-94.


  • Geoffrey Atkinson. The Extraordinary Voyage in French Literature from 1700 to 1720. New York: Franklin, 1922.
  • Yevgeny Zamyatin. "H.G. Wells." In A Soviet Heretic: Essays by Yevgeny Zamyatin, ed. and trans. Mirra Ginsburg. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1970. 259-90.


  • George Allan England. "Facts about Fantasy." The Story World (July 1923). Rpt. in Darkness and Dawn. Westport, CT: Hyperion, 1974. i-vii.


  • Geoffrey Atkinson. The Extraordinary Voyage in French Literature before 1700. New York: Columbia UP, 1920.


  • Ralph E. Tieje. The Prose Voyage Imaginaire before 1800. Unpublished dissertation, U of Illinois, 1917. Portions reprinted in Gove, 90-91.
  • Dorothy Scarborough. "Supernatural Science." In The Supernatural in Modern English Fiction. New York: Putnam, 1917. 251-280.


  • J.D. Beresford. H.G. Wells. New York: Holt, 1915.
  • Hubert Matthey. "Le merveilleux-scientifique." In Essai sur le merveilleux dans la littérature française depuis 1800. Paris: Payot, 1915. 151-185.


  • Anonymous [probably Hugo Gernsback]. "Book Review [of Wicks's To Mars via the Moon]." Modern Electrics (Aug. 1911): 371.
  • Mark Wicks. "Preface." In To Mars via the Moon. New York: Lippincott, 1911. ix-xii.




  • Charles Lemire. Jules Verne. Paris: Berger-Levrault, 1908.


  • Anonymous. "Science in Romance," The Saturday Review 99 (April 1, 1905): 414-415.
  • G.K. Chesterton. "Mr. H.G. Wells and the Giants." In Heretics. London: Lane, 1905. Rpt. by Books for Libraries Press, 1970. 68-91.


  • Gordon Jones. "Jules Verne at Home," Temple Bar 129 (June 1904): 669-70.


  • Alfred Jarry. "De quelques romans scientifiques." La Plume 347-48 (Oct. 1-15, 1903): 431-32.
  • Robert H. Sherard. "Jules Verne Revisited." T.P.'s Weekly (Oct. 9, 1903): 589.


  • Walter Begley. "Bibliography of Romance from the Renaissance to the End of the Seventeenth Century." In Samuel Gott, Nova Solyma, the Ideal City, trans. Walter Begley. London: Murray, 1902. 355-400. Cited in Gove, 82-83.
  • E. Arnold Bennett. "Herbert George Wells and His Works." Cosmopolitan Magazine 33.4 (August 1902): 465-71. Rpt. in Harris Wilson, ed. Arnold Bennett and H.G. Wells: A Record of a Personal and a Literary Friendship. Urbana, IL: U of Illinois P, 1960. 260-76.
  • G.K. Chesterton. "First Men in the Moon." The Pall Mall Magazine 26.105 (January, 1902): 133-36.


  • Leo Berg. "Der Zukunftsroman." Das litterarische Echo 2.3 (Nov. 1, 1899): 159-65.


  • Anonymous. "The War of the Worlds." The Critic 39.844 (April 23, 1898): 282.


  • Marie A. Belloc. "Jules Verne at Home." Strand Magazine (Feb. 1895): 207-13.
  • Edgar Fawcett. "Introduction." In The Ghost of Guy Thyrle. London, 1895. 3-5.


  • Robert H. Sherard. "Jules Verne at Home." McClure's Magazine (Jan. 1894): 115-24.


  • Julian Hawthorne. "Introduction." In William Richard Bradshaw, The Goddess of Atvatabar. New York, 1892. 9-12.



  • Auguste de Villiers de l'Isle-Adam. "Avis au lecteur." In L'Eve future. Paris, 1886. Rpt. in Oeuvres complètes. Paris: Gallimard, 1986. 765. Cited in Paul K. Alkon, Science Fiction Before 1900: Imagination Discovers Technology. New York: Twayne, 1994. 84-85.


  • Jules Clarétie. Jules Verne. Paris: A. Quantin, 1883.
  • M.W. Hazeltine. "Jules Verne's Didactic Fiction." In Chats About Books, Poets and Novelists. New York, 1883. 337-346.



  • Kurd Lasswitz. "Preface." In Bilder aus der Zukunft. 1878. Portions reprinted in
  • Emile Zola. "Jules Verne." Le Figaro littéraire (Dec. 22, 1878). Rpt. in Romanciers naturalistes. Paris, 1881. 356-57.


  • William H.L. Barnes. (W.H.L.B.) "In Memoriam." In W.H. Rhodes, Caxton's Book: A Collection of Essays, Poems, Poems, Tales, and Sketches, ed. Daniel O'Connell. San Francisco, 1876. 5-9.
  • Robert Louis Stevenson. "Jules Verne's Stories." The Academy (3 June 1876): 532.


  • Charles Raymond. "Jules Verne." Musée des Familles 42 (1875). Rpt. in Jean Jules-Verne, Jules Verne. Paris: Hachette, 1973. 329.


  • Presley, James T. "Bibliography of Utopias and Imaginary Travels and Histories." Notes & Queries XI (1873): 519-21; XII (1873): 2-3, 22-23ff.; I (1874): 78-79, 237; II (1874): 252; VI (1876): 38, 118; VII (1877): 458; VIII (1877): 13-14; IX (1884): 84. Portions reprinted in Gove, 1941. 74-75.


  • Camille Flammarion. Les Mondes imaginaires et les mondes réels. Paris, 1865.


  • Jules Verne. "Edgard Poë [sic] et ses oeuvres." Musée des Familles (April 1864): 193-208. Rpt. in a highly edited English version as "The Bizarre Genius of Edgar Poe," trans. I.O. Evans in The Jules Verne Companion, ed. Peter Haining. London: Pictorial, 1978. 26-30.


  • Edmond and Jules Goncourt. Journal. vol. 1. Paris, 1885: 108. [essay date July 16, 1856].


  • Charles Baudelaire. "Edgar Poe, sa vie et ses oeuvres." Revue de Paris (March-April 1852): 90-110. Rpt. and slightly revised as the preface to Baudelaire's translation of Poe's works in Histoires extraordinaires par Edgar Poe. Paris, 1856. Rpt. in English in Baudelaire on Poe, eds. and trans. Lois and Francis E. Hyslop, Jr. State College, PA: Bald Eagle, 1952. 36-118.


  • William Wilson. "Chapter IX. The Poetry of Science. Chapter X. Science-Fiction." In A Little Earnest Book upon a Great Old Subject. London, 1851. 131-49.


  • Edgar Allan Poe. "Note" following his "The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall" (1835, 1840). Rpt. in The Complete Tales and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe. New York: Modern, 1938. 38-41.


  • Félix Bodin. "Préface." In Le Roman de l'avenir. Paris, 1834. 15-32. Portions reprinted in Paul K. Alkon, Origins of Futuristic Fiction. Athens & London: U of Georgia P, 1987. 8-10, 245-289.


  • Charles Nodier. "Cyrano de Bergerac." Revue de Paris 29 (August 1831): 38-56.
  • Mary Shelley. "Author's Introduction." In Frankenstein. 1818. London, 1831. Rpt. Frankenstein. London: Penguin, 1992. 5-10.


  • Anonymous. "Frankenstein: or, the Modern Prometheus" [book review]. The Edinburgh Magazine and Literary Miscellany 2 (March 1818): 249-53.
  • Walter Scott (Sir). "Remarks on Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus: A Novel." Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 2.12 (March 1818): 613-20.
  • Mary Shelley. "Preface." In Frankenstein. 1818 [written by Percy Shelley]. Rpt. Mary Shelley, Frankenstein. London: Penguin, 1992. 11-12.


  • John Colin Dunlop. History of Fiction: Being a Critical Account of the Most Celebrated Prose Works of Fiction, from the Earliest Greek Romances to the Novels of the Present Day. 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1814. Rpt. as History of Prose Fiction, ed. Henry Wilson. London, 1896. Portions reprinted in Gove, 1941. 69-74.


  • Henry William Weber. "Introductory Dissertation." In Popular Romances: Consisting of Imaginary Voyages and Travels. Edinburgh, 1812. Portions reprinted in Gove, 1941. 65-68.


  • Louis-Sébastien Mercier. "Préface." In his L'An 2440, Rêve s'il en fût jamais. 1770-71. Paris, 1799. 1-2. Rpt. as Memoirs of the Year 2500. Boston: Gregg, 1977. xxix.


  • W. Hooper. "Advertisement." In Louis-Sébastien Mercier, Memoirs of the Year Two Thousand Five Hundred, trans. W. Hooper. Philadelphia, 1795. 1. Rpt. in Memoirs of the Year 2500. Boston: Gregg, 1977. xxix.


  • Charles George Thomas Garnier, ed. "Avertissements." In Voyages imaginaires, songes, visions, et romans cabalistiques. 36 vols. Amsterdam, Paris, and Geneva, 1785-1789. Portions reprinted in Gove, 1941. 28-62.


  • Anonymous. "Peter Wilkins." Monthly Review IV (December 1750): 157.


  • Ludvig Holberg. Epistol ad virum perillustrem, Epistola secunda, Epistola tertia, 1743. Rpt. in Memoirs of Lewis Holberg. London, 1827. 170-80.
  • [Book review]. Monthly Review 4 (December 1750): 157. Rpt. in Robert Paltock, The Life and Adventures of Peter Wilkins, ed. Christopher Bentley. London: Oxford UP, 1973. ix-x.


  • David Russen. Iter Lunare, or A Voyage to the Moon. London, 1703. 2-4. Rpt. as Iter Lunare, Boston: Gregg, 1976. 2-4.


  • Aphra Behn. The Emperor of the Moon. London, 1687. Cited in Marjorie Hope Nicolson, "A World in the Moon: A Study of the Changing Attitude Toward the Moon in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries." Smith College Studies in Modern Languages 17.2 (1936): 1-72. Rpt. in Marjorie Hope Nicolson, Voyages to the Moon. New York: Macmillan, 1960. 89-93. Also cited in Robert Philmus, Into the Unknown: The Evolution of Science Fiction from Francis Godwin to H.G. Wells. Berkeley: U of California P, 1970. 39-40.


  • Charles Sorel. "Cyrano de Bergerac." In Bibliothèque Françoise. Paris, 1664. Rpt. in Frédéric Lachèvre, Les Oeuvres libertines de Cyrano de Bergerac, vol. 1. Paris: Champion, 1921. 100-101.


  • Henri Le Bret. "Préface." In Savinien Cyrano de Bergerac, Histoire Comique des Etats et Empires de la Lune. Paris, 1657. Rpt. in L'Autre Monde, ou Histoire Comique des Etats et Empires de la Lune. Paris: Libraire Moderne, 1910. 15-23.


  • E.M. "Preface." In Domingo Gonsales (Francis Godwin), The Man in the Moone: or A Discourse of a Voyage Thither. London, 1638. Rpt. in H.W. Lawton, "Bishop Godwin's Man in the Moone," Review of English Studies 7.25 (Jan. 1931): 23-55.
  • John Wilkins. Discovery of a New World in the Moone. London, 1638. 3rd ed., A Discourse Concerning A New World and Another Planet. London, 1640.


  • Johannes Kepler. "Notes." In his Somnium seu opus posthumum de astronomia lunari, Frankfurt, 1634. Rpt. in English as Somnium: the Dream, or Posthumous Work on Lunar Astronomy, trans. Edward Rosen. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1967. 30-174.

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