Nearly 2/3 of English derives from the two principal languages of the ancient Mediterranean: Greek and Latin and the figure nears 90% for scientific terminology. This course examines the extensive linguistic and cultural roots of English in those historical languages. It begins with a review of the structure and evolution of English, followed by treatments of how Greek and Latin work. The heart of the course studies noun, adjective, and verb stems, as well as prefixes, suffixes, and prepositions. We also carry out a contextual review of those Greek and Latin words in the sciences, social sciences, humanities, and arts. By the end of the course, students should know core morphemes, and be able to recognize, decipher, and use unfamiliar terms simply by reference to their Greek and Latin parts. Finally, as part of the linguistic learning process, students also receive a broad-based review of classical Mediterranean civilization. The course is taught in English and has no pre-requisites.