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Expectations for Latin 124

Students who have taken one or two years of high-school Latin should consider enrolling in Latin 124. Taught every year in the Spring term, this course introduces more advanced syntax and reading strategies. At the end of this course, students have learned all of the basic morphology (forms) of Latin nouns, verbs, and adjectives and have dealt with the most common constructions.

Latin 124 (Elementary Latin II) continues where Latin 123 leaves off and covers chapters 7–11 of the textbook Learn to Read Latin

To begin your study with Latin 124, you should be fully comfortable with the following:

Forms (Morphology)

  • How to find the stem and know the declension of nouns and adjectives.
  • The meaning and use of the four principal parts of verbs.
  • How to decline first, second, and third declension nouns in all cases and numbers.
  • How to decline adjectives of the first-second and third declensions.
  • How to form adverbs from regular adjectives.
  • How to conjugate all four conjugations of Latin verbs in all six tenses (present, imperfect, future, perfect, pluperfect, future perfect) active and passive.
  • How to form imperatives (active and passive) of verbs.
  • How to decline the personal pronouns (ego, tu, nōs, vōs); is, ea, id; and ipse, ipsa, ipsum.

Grammar and Syntax

  • The basic concepts of agreement (adjectives agreeing with nouns, subjects agreeing with verbs).
  • Understanding that Latin produces meaning through case and word endings rather than word order.
  • The basic uses of Latin noun cases:
  • Nominative for subject, predicate nominative, and predicate adjective.
  • Genitive of possession, Partitive (Genitive of the whole), Subjective, and Objective.
  • Dative of indirect object and of possessor.
  • Accusative as Direct Object and as object of prepositions.
  • Ablative of means/instrument, personal agent, separation, and object of prepositions.
  • Vocative for direct address.