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Expectations for Latin 124

Students who have taken one or two years of high-school Latin should consider enrolling in Latin 124. Taught every year in the Spring term, this course introduces more advanced syntax and reading strategies. At the end of this course, students have learned all of the basic morphology (forms) of Latin nouns, verbs, and adjectives and have dealt with the most common constructions.

Latin 124 (Elementary Latin II) continues where Latin 123 leaves off and covers Part III and IV of Learn Latin from the Romans

To begin your study with Latin 124, you should be fully comfortable with the following:

Forms (Morphology)

  • How to find the stem and know the declension of nouns and adjectives.
  • The meaning and use of the four principal parts of verbs.
  • How to decline first, second, and third declension nouns in all cases and numbers.
  • How to decline adjectives of the first-second and third declensions.
  • How to form adverbs from regular adjectives.
  • How to decline the following pronouns: personal pronouns (ego, tu, nōs, vōs); demonstrative pronouns (hic, haec, hoc and ille, illa, illud); is, ea, id; interrogative pronoun (quis, quid); reflexive pronouns (); relative pronoun (qui, quae, quod); and intensive pronoun (ipse, ipsa, ipsum).
  • How to conjugate all conjugations of Latin verbs in the present, future, and perfect indicative in active and deponent/passive.
  • How to conjugate all conjugations of Latin verbs in the present and imperfect subjunctive in active and deponent/passive.
  • How to form imperatives and participles (active and passive) of verbs.
  • How to form verb forms listed above for the irregular verbs sum, eo, and volo.

Grammar and Syntax

  • The basic concepts of agreement (adjectives agreeing with nouns, subjects agreeing with verbs).
  • Understanding that Latin produces meaning through case and word endings rather than word order.
  • Use of adjectives as substantives.
  • The basic uses of Latin noun cases:
    • Nominative for subject, predicate nominative, and predicate adjective.
    • Genitive of possession, partitive genitive, and objective genitive.
    • Dative of indirect object.
    • Accusative Direct Object and as object of prepositions.
    • Ablative of personal agent and object of prepositions.
    • Vocative for direct address.
  • Relative Clauses
  • Indirect Statement (accusative and infinitive construction)
  • Uses of subjunctive verbs
    • Hortatory and deliberative (main clause) subjunctives
    • Purpose Clauses, Indirect Commands, and Fear Clauses
    • How the Sequence of Tenses works